Jackson Mississippi is the capital of the state, and since 1944 the largest city in the State of Mississippi. Located south of the Yazoo River, it is on the southern border of the Mississippi Delta.
The city, located on the Pearl River, was named after Andrew Jackson, the U.S. president. The current slogan, “Jackson, Mississippi: City with Soul.” has had numerous musicians prominent in blues, gospel and jazz. For decades, Jackson maintained a tawdry reputation for its illegal nightclubs on the Gold Coast.
Jackson Mississippi had a decline in population from 184,256 at the 2000 census to 173,514 at the 2010 census. The 2010 census ascribed a population of 539,057 to the five-county Jackson metropolitan area. The city ranks third as the best “Bang For Your Buck” city among the U.S. 100 largest metro areas, according to Forbes magazine. The study measured overall affordability in living costs, housing rates, and more.
Jackson, served by the Ross Barnett Reservoir, located northeast of Jackson, provides the water for the city. A tiny portion of the city containing Tougaloo College lies in Madison County, bounded on the west by I-220 and on the east by US 51 and I-55. Rankin County has its geographical area in the Jackson City Limits.. In the 2000 census, only 1,533 of the city’s residents lived in Madison County. Although no Jackson residents lived in the Rankin County portion in 2000, that figure had risen to 172 by 2006.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Jackson Mississippi has a total area of 106.8 square miles, of which, 104.9 square miles is land, and 1.9 square miles, or 1.80% of the total, is water.
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